Session Title: Alzheimer's Disease (AD) including Non-Cognitive Aspects
THREE PATIENTS COULD BE LABELLED AS HAVING A DEMENTIA PUGILISTICA (BOXER´S ENCEPHALOPATHY)
R.M. Scoyni1, I. Trani2, C. Schiaffini1, B. Felli1, L. Aiello1, P. Belli1, A. Morelli1, M.P. De Cristoforo1, V. Camponi1, M.T. Pacitti3, M. D'Imperio1, D. Carratelli3, C. Morocutti4
According to the cause dementias can be divided into “primary” and “secondary” as seen in chronic traumatic suffering of the brain in the “punch drunk syndrome”. “Villa Grazia” is a clinic that belongs to the local health centre ASL RM-E and is specialized in treating mild to moderate demented patients through personalized cognitive and physical rehabilitation programmes drown un by a team of specialists. In this report we describe the cases of three patients who had been boxers at amateur level in their youth during the current year. The first patient was a 81 aa who boxed for four years as a featherweight. He was affected by persistent atrial fibrillation and had an intracerebral haemorrhage. He showed an increased muscular tone of plastic type and a segmental muscular hypotrophy. He was able to perform postural changes on his own, he could walk at a slow pace with an aid. In the upright position he showed an anterior trunk lean. The second patient was a 72 aa who boxed as a middleweight for six years. He was affected by persistent atrial fibrillation, had previous TIA. He was unable to perform any of the tasks required. He was able to perform postural changes on his own and he could walk without support though there was neck-trunk stiffness. The third patient was a 81 aa who boxed as a lightweight for eight years performing about 30 matches. In his medical history he had previous TIA, diabetes, left hemiplegia due to a previous stroke.